Verb

A verb is a word that signifies action, occurrence, or state of being. A verb shows what someone or something is doing.

Example: talk, walk, eat, sing, write, dance

  • The old lady yelled at me yesterday.
  • My dad will teach me how to drive.

KINDS OF VERBS ACCORDING TO USE

Transitive Verbs are verbs that express an action which passes from a doer to receiver. It is followed by nouns or noun phrases.

  • Robert bought Sheena a new phone.
  • Mr. Dela Cruz called Ian’s parents.

Intransitive Verbs are verbs that have no receiver of their action. It is not directly followed by a noun, adjective, or noun phrase.

  • We went to the beach to enjoy our break.
  • He cried when he found out that he failed the examination.

Linking Verbs connect a subject and its complement. Their main function is linking or coupling the subject with a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective. Linking verbs cannot be followed by adverbs; rather, they are always preceded by nouns or adjectives.

  • The gold appeared to be authetic.
  • The spaghetti tasted awful.

KIND OF VERBS ACCORDING TO FORM

The principal parts of the verb are the present, the past, the present participle, and the past participle.

VerbPresentPastPast Participle
to competeI can competeI competedI have competed.
to danceI can danceI dancedI have danced.

According to the manner by which their principal parts are formed, verbs may be regular, irregular, or defective.

Regular Verbs are verbs that form their past tense and their past participle by adding -d or -ed to the present tense.

PresentPastPast Participle
matchmatchedmatched
greetgreetedgreeted
imagineimaginedimagined

Irregular Verbs are verbs that do not form their past tense and their pas participle by simply adding d or ed to the present form.

PresentPastPast Participle
flyflewflown
wakewokewoken
blowblewblown

Defective Verbs are verb that do not have all the principal parts.

PresentPastPast Participle
willwould
mustmust
beware

THE VOICE OF A VERB

Voice is the quality of a verb that indicates whether the subject is the doer or receiver of the action of the verb. Remember that only transitive verbs may be used in the passive voice. Intransitive verbs have no receivers (object of the action. Verbs are also said to be either active or passive in voice.

Active Voice denotes the subject as the doer of the action. In the active voice, the subject and verb relationship are straight forward: the subject is a be-er or a do-er and the verb moves the sentence along.

Passive Voice denotes the subject as the receiver of the action. In the passive voice, the subject of the sentence is neither a do-er nor a be-er but it is acted upon by some other agent or by something unnamed (when it is, it is usually named by an object of the preposition).

THE VERB TENSE

Tense is the quality of a verb which denotes the time of the action, the being, or the state of being.

Simple Tenses

Present Tense – signifies action, being, or state of being in present time

Past Tense – signifies action, being, or state of being in past time

Future Tense – signifies action, being, or state of being in future time

Compound Tenses

Present Perfect Tense – signifies action, being, or state of being completed or perfected in the present time. This is formed by prefixing the auxiliary have or has to the past participle of the verb.

Example: He has broken the vase.

Past Perfect Tense – signifies action, being, or state of being completed or perfected before some definite past time. This is formed by prefixing the auxiliary had to the past participle of the verb.

Example: He had broken the vase before his mom came.

Future Perfect Tense – signifies action, being, or being state of being that will be completed or perfected before some specified time in the future. This is formed by prefixing the auxiliary shall have or will have to the past participle of the verb.

Example: He will have broken the vase before his mom came.

Present Progressive Tense – describes an action going on now. All actions are unfinished and incomplete.

Example: I am taking Calculus this semester.

Past Progressive Tense – describes an action which was in progress at a certain time in the past.

Example: The dogs were barking all night.

Future Progressive Tense – describes an action that is going on now and is continuing into the future. It describes an action to be done in the future.

Example: Liz will be performing onstage next week.

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