Adjective

An adjective is a word that describes or qualifies a noun or pronoun. It gives more information about a noun or pronoun.

Examples: wonderful, beautiful, small, loud, rough

  • We had fun at Denise’s birthday party.
  • The apartment he bought was spacious for one person.

Remember that adjectives in English have no plural form. The same form of the adjective is used for both singular and plural nouns.

  • A different plan
  • Some different plans

INCORRECT: some differents plans

POSITION OF ADJECTIVES

  • Adjectives nearly always appear immediately before the noun or a noun phrase that they modify.
  • Sometimes they appear in a string if adjectives, and when they do, they appear in a set order according to category. The following list shows the usual order of adjectives when they appear in a string. There are exceptions, of course, but this is the usual rule.

THE ROYAL ORDER OF ADJECTIVES

  1. Determiners – article and other limiters (e.g., the, a/an, my)
  2. Observation – post-determiners and limiter adjectives (e.g., a real hero, a perfect idiot) and adjectives
  3. Size and Shape – adjectives subject to objective measure (e.g., wealthy, large, round)
  4. Age – adjectives denoting age (e.g., young, old, new, ancient)
  5. Color – adjectives denoting color (e.g, red, black, pale)
  6. Origin – denominal adjectives denoting source of the noun (e.g., French, American, Canadian)
  7. Material – denominal adjectives denoting what something is made of (e.g., wooden, metallic)
  8. Qualifier – final limiter, often regarded as part of the noun (e.g., rocking chair, hunting cabin)

Example:

DeterminersObservationSize and ShapeAgeColorOriginMaterialQualifierNoun
anexpensive  whiteItalian  chandelier
Thebeautiful Antique  wooden mirror
Several tallyoung   volleyballplayers

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