Conjunction is a word that connects two words, phrases, clauses, or sentences together and shows how they are connected.
I. Coordinate or Coordinating Conjunctions are conjunctions that connect words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank. The following are the coordinating conjunctions, arranged in an acronym that makes them easier to understand.
N – nor
B – but
O – or
Y – yet
S – so
II. Correlative Conjunctions are coordinate conjunctions used in pairs. The most commonly used correlative conjunctions are
not only but also
III. Subordinate Conjunctions are conjunctions that connect clauses or unequal rank. It connects a subordinate clause to a principal or an independent clause. A subordinate clause depends upon some other part of the sentence.
Examples: after, although, even if, in order that, though, wherever
The Correct Use of Conjunctions
1.Than and As
The conjunction “than” and “as” are used to compare one thing with another, and there is usually an omission of words after each. The substantive word which follows “than” or “as” must be in the same case as the word with which it is compared. Particular care must be taken when the substantive is a personal pronoun.
- It’s safer to stay here than to go outside.
- She’s soft as a pillow.
2. Unless and Without
“Unless” is a conjunction and introduces a clause. “Without” is a preposition and introduces a “phrase”.
- You’ll be sick unless you drink your medicine.
- You can’t achieve great things without determination.
3. Like, As, and As If
“As” and “As if” are conjunctions and are used to introduce clauses. “Like” is a preposition and is used to introduce a phrase.
- Brian is looking at me as if I did something wrong.
- My mother has been working like an ant.